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Posting brain or answer dumps for Fortinet certifications is prohibited as they are copyrighted material. If the backup files become unavailable, then the CloneDB databases return errors. Managing Initialization Parameters Using a Server Parameter File Initialization parameters for the Oracle Database have traditionally been stored in a text initialization parameter file. Check the database alert log for the name and location of this trace file.

 
 

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New version is not mean good. Stats Softs Number. Download AppServ 2. You can delete all of the files in the CloneDB database environment without affecting the production database environment or the backup environment. See Oracle Multitenant Administrator’s Guide for more information about cloning a database in a multitenant environment.

Dropping a database involves removing its data files, online redo logs, control files, and initialization parameter files. It then shuts down the database instance. It is best to use RMAN to delete such files. If you used the Database Configuration Assistant to create your database, you can use that tool to delete drop your database and remove the files.

Table describes the DBCA silent mode options. In silent mode, DBCA uses values that you specify as command-line options to create or modify a database.

For example, to display the help for the -createDatabase command, enter the following:. You can use DBCA to create a database from a template supplied by Oracle or from a template that you create. Select the template suited to the type of workload your database will support.

If you are not sure which to choose, then use the “General purpose OR online transaction processing” template. You can also create custom templates to meet your specific workload requirements. Use the dbca -createDatabase command with the following syntax:. Name of an existing database template in the default location or the complete path to a database template that is not in the default location.

The SID uniquely identifies the instance that runs the database. If it is not specified, then it defaults to the database name. Specify true to create a CDB. Specify false to create a non-CDB. Default is false. When true is specified, the following additional parameters are optional:. A number is appended to each name if -numberOfPDBs is greater than 1. This parameter must be specified if -numberOfPDBs is greater than 0 zero.

Specify true to enable and configure Database Vault, else specify false. When true is specified, the following additional Database Vault parameters are required:. Destination directory for the Fast Recovery Area, which is a backup and recovery area. Additionally, you can specify the Fast Recovery Area size in megabytes using the parameter -recoveryAreaSize. Absolute directory path of the database backup data files stored in a compressed RMAN backup format files with. When FS is specified, your database files are managed by the file system of your operating system.

You can specify the directory path where the database files are to be stored using a database template or the -datafileDestination parameter. Oracle Database can create and manage the actual files.

Oracle Database automatically manages database file placement and naming. Specify true to use Oracle Wallet for database credentials, else specify false. When true is specified, the following additional parameters can be provided:. Specify true to enable log file archive, else specify false. Default is automatic archive mode. Note: If the total physical memory of a database instance is greater than 4 GB, then you cannot specify the Automatic Memory Management option AUTO during the database installation and creation.

Specify database options as comma separated list of name:value pairs. Specify a comma separated list of SQL scripts that needs to be run after the database creation. The scripts are run in the order they are listed. When true is specified, the following additional parameters are required:.

You can additionally provide the -initParamsEscapeChar parameter for using a specific escape character between multiple values of an initialization parameter. Oracle guides and educational materials contain examples based on the sample schemas. Oracle strongly recommends that you do not install the sample schemas in a production database.

Specify false to create the database without the HR sample schema. Specify either -memoryPercentage or -totalMemory. Specify OLTP if the primary purpose of the database is online transaction processing.

Use the dbca -createDuplicateDB command with the following syntax:. Note: You can specify either policy-managed database or administrator-managed database. Optionally, use the -dbUniqueName parameter to set the unique database name for the standby database.

A comma separated list of SQL scripts that should be run after the duplicate database is created. The scripts are run in the order listed. Use the dbca -configureDatabase command with the following syntax:.

Specify one or more of the following Oracle Database options in the form of a comma separated list:. Specify true to enable and configure Database Vault, or specify false. Specify true to enable and configure Oracle Label Security, else specify false. Specify this parameter to move database files from one storage location to another storage location.

Additionally, you can specify the -initParamsEscapeChar parameter for using a specific escape character between multiple values of an initialization parameter. The createTemplateFromDB command creates a database template from an existing database. Use the dbca -createTemplateFromDB command with the following syntax:. Specify true to use the file locations of the database in the template.

Specify false , the default, to use different file locations in the template. The createTemplateFromTemplate command creates a database template from an existing database template.

Use the dbca -createTemplateFromTemplate command with the following syntax:. The data files for the seed database are stored in compressed RMAN backup format in a file with a. File name with complete directory path to the file that contains the variables and their values in the database template.

You specify the directory path where the database files are to be stored using the -datafileDestination parameter. Specify true to enable log file archive. Default is automatic archive mode AUTO.

The createCloneTemplate command creates a clone seed database template from an existing database. Use the dbca -createCloneTemplate command with the following syntax:. Specify true to take the data files backup, else specify false. Use the dbca -deleteTemplate command with the following syntax:. The generateScripts command generates scripts, which can be used to create a database.

Use the dbca -generateScripts command with the following syntax:. Name of an existing database template in the default location or the complete path of a template that is not in the default location. When true is specified, the following optional parameters can be provided:. This parameter must be specified if -numberOfPDBs value is greater than 0 zero.

Each option must be specified in the name:value format. Directory for the Fast Recovery Area, which is a backup and recovery area. Directory of the database backup data files in a compressed RMAN backup format files with. Specify database options as a comma separated list of name:value pairs.

Specify a comma separated list of SQL scripts that need to be run after the database creation. Directory path to the file that contains the variables and their values for the database template.

Use the dbca -deleteDatabase command with the following syntax:. Specify this parameter along with the following parameters to unregister the database with Enterprise Manager Cloud Control:. Specify this parameter along with the following parameters to unregister the database with the directory service:. Use the dbca -createPluggableDatabase command with the following syntax:. Specify true if the files you plan to use to create the new PDB are the same files that were used to create an existing PDB.

Specify false , the default, if the files you plan to use to create the new PDB are not the same files that were used to create an existing PDB. Typically, the archive file has a. When you specify PDB , the following additional parameter is required:. Specify false , the default, to not use the data file path defined in XML metadata file within a PDB archive when extracting data files.

Specify true if a default user tablespace needs to be created in the new PDB. Use the dbca -unplugDatabase command with the following syntax:. Use the dbca -deletePluggableDatabase command with the following syntax:.

Use the dbca -configurePluggableDatabase command with the following syntax:. Use the dbca -addInstance command with the following syntax:. Specify true to register the database with a directory service, else specify false.

The deleteInstance command deletes a database instance from an administror-managed Oracle RAC database. Use the dbca -deleteInstance command with the following syntax:. Specify true to unregister the database with the directory service, else specify false. The executePrereqs command executes the prerequisites checks and reports the results. This command can be used to check the environment before running dbca to create a database. Use the dbca -executePrereqs command with the following syntax:.

Previous Next JavaScript must be enabled to correctly display this content. Considerations Before Creating the Database Database creation prepares several operating system files to work together as an Oracle Database. Specifying Initialization Parameters You can add or edit basic initialization parameters before you create your new database. Managing Initialization Parameters Using a Server Parameter File Initialization parameters for the Oracle Database have traditionally been stored in a text initialization parameter file.

Managing Application Workloads with Database Services A database service is a named representation of one or more database instances. Considerations After Creating a Database After you create a database the instance is left running, and the database is open and available for normal database use.

Cloning a Database This section describes various methods of cloning an Oracle database. Dropping a Database Dropping a database involves removing its data files, online redo logs, control files, and initialization parameter files. Database Data Dictionary Views You can query data dictionary views for information about your database content and structure.

Reasons to create a database after installation are as follows: You used Oracle Universal Installer OUI to install software only, and did not create a database. You want to make a copy of clone a database. Planning for Database Creation Prepare to create the database by research and careful planning. About Selecting a Character Set It is important to select the right character set for your database. Prerequisites for Database Creation To ensure that your Oracle Database is created successfully, review database prerequisites.

Table lists some recommended actions: Table Database Planning Tasks Action Additional Information Plan the database tables and indexes and estimate the amount of space they will require.

Oracle Database Structure and Storage Schema Objects Plan the layout of the underlying operating system files your database will comprise. Managing Undo Consider whether you want to configure a read-only Oracle home or a read-write Oracle home for your database. Caution: Do not use the character set named UTF8 as the database character set unless required for compatibility with Oracle Database clients and servers in Oracle8 i Release 1 8.

See Also: Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for information about the character sets recommended for the database. Note: You can configure an Oracle home in read-only mode after you have installed the Oracle database in the software-only mode, but before creating the listener and the database. Before you can create a new database, the following prerequisites must be met: The desired Oracle software must be installed. Sufficient memory must be available to start the Oracle Database instance.

To view brief help for DBCA command-line arguments, enter the following command: dbca -help For more detailed argument information, including defaults, view the response file template found on your distribution media. Step 3: Choose a Database Administrator Authentication Method You must be authenticated and granted appropriate system privileges in order to create a database.

Step 4: Create the Initialization Parameter File When an Oracle instance starts, it reads an initialization parameter file.

Step 5: Windows Only Create an Instance On the Windows platform, before you can connect to an instance, you must manually create it if it does not already exist.

Step 8: Start the Instance Start an instance without mounting a database. Step Create Additional Tablespaces To make the database functional, you must create additional tablespaces for your application data. Step Back Up the Database Take a full backup of the database to ensure that you have a complete set of files from which to recover if a media failure occurs. Step Optional Enable Automatic Instance Startup You might want to configure the Oracle instance to start automatically when its host computer restarts.

Note: Single-instance does not mean that only one Oracle instance can reside on a single host computer. Decide on a unique Oracle system identifier SID for your instance. Open a command window. Note: Use this command window for the subsequent steps. Note: It is common practice to set the SID to be equal to the database name. Set required environment variables. Decide on an authentication method. You can be authenticated as an administrator with the required privileges in the following ways: With a password file With operating system authentication To be authenticated with a password file, create the password file as described in ” Creating and Maintaining a Database Password File “.

See Also: ” About Database Administrator Security and Privileges ” ” Database Administrator Authentication ” for information about password files and operating system authentication. Create the initialization parameter file. To create an instance:. Tip: The database must be restarted before the server parameter file takes effect. Note: Although creating a server parameter file is optional at this point, it is recommended.

Note: You can set several limits during database creation. Script Description catalog. Run scripts to install additional options.

Back up the database. Configure the Oracle instance to start automatically when its host computer restarts. Creating a Default Permanent Tablespace Oracle strongly recommends that you create a default permanent tablespace. Creating a Default Temporary Tablespace When you create a default temporary tablespace, Oracle Database assigns it as the temporary tablespace for users who are not explicitly assigned a temporary tablespace. Supporting Bigfile Tablespaces During Database Creation Oracle Database simplifies management of tablespaces and enables support for extremely large databases by letting you create bigfile tablespaces.

Specifying the Database Time Zone and Time Zone File Oracle Database datetime and interval data types and time zone support make it possible to store consistent information about the time of events and transactions.

See Also: ” Some Security Considerations “. Note: If you decide to define the undo tablespace yourself, then ensure that its block size matches the highest data file block size for the database.

See Also: ” Bigfile Tablespaces ” for more information about bigfile tablespaces. Specifying the Database Time Zone File All databases that share information must use the same time zone data file.

The database server always uses the large time zone file by default. How serious is the damage if unlogged direct writes cannot be recovered? Is the performance degradation caused by forced logging tolerable? About Initialization Parameters and Initialization Parameter Files When an Oracle instance starts, it reads initialization parameters from an initialization parameter file. Determining the Global Database Name The global database name consists of the user-specified local database name and the location of the database within a network structure.

Specifying Control Files Every database has a control file, which contains entries that describe the structure of the database such as its name, the timestamp of its creation, and the names and locations of its data files and redo files.

Specifying the Method of Undo Space Management Every Oracle Database must have a method of maintaining information that is used to undo changes to the database. Setting the License Parameter If you use named user licensing, Oracle Database can help you enforce this form of licensing.

See Also: Oracle Database Reference for descriptions of all initialization parameters including their default settings Managing Memory for a discussion of the initialization parameters that pertain to memory management.

Sample Initialization Parameter File Oracle Database provides generally appropriate values in a sample text initialization parameter file. NOTE: The values that are used in this file are only intended to be used as a starting point. See Also: Oracle Database Reference for more information about the content and syntax of the text initialization parameter file ” Alert Log “.

See Also: Distributed Database Management for more information about distributed databases. Specify the Fast Recovery Area with the following initialization parameters:. Nonstandard Block Sizes You can create tablespaces of nonstandard block sizes. Therefore, consider specifying a block size larger than your operating system block size if the following conditions exist: Oracle Database is on a large computer system with a large amount of memory and fast disk drives.

See Also: Your operating system specific Oracle documentation for details about the default block size. Note: A 32K block size is valid only on bit platforms. Caution: Oracle recommends against specifying a 2K block size when 4K sector size disks are in use, because performance degradation can occur.

To set up an environment for automatic undo management using an undo tablespace. See Also: Managing Undo. Note: This mechanism assumes that each person accessing the database has a unique user name and that no people share a user name. Note: Oracle no longer offers licensing by the number of concurrent sessions. What Is a Server Parameter File? Migrating to a Server Parameter File If you are currently using a text initialization parameter file, then you can migrate to a server parameter file.

Changing Initialization Parameter Values You can change initialization parameter values to affect the operation of a database instance. Methods for Viewing Parameter Settings You can view parameter settings using several different methods. Note: Although you can open the binary server parameter file with a text editor and view its text, do not manually edit it. To migrate to a server parameter file:. Note: If you are migrating to a server parameter file in an Oracle Real Application Clusters environment, you must combine all of your instance-specific initialization parameter files into a single initialization parameter file.

Note: When you use the Database Configuration Assistant to create a database, it automatically creates a server parameter file for you. There are two kinds of initialization parameters: Dynamic initialization parameters can be changed for the current Oracle Database instance.

The effect is as follows: No change is made to the current instance. The effect is as follows: The change is made to the current instance and is effective immediately. For static parameters, this specification is not allowed.

For dynamic parameters, the effect is persistent because the server parameter file is updated. Exporting the server parameter file might be necessary for several reasons:.

Back up the server parameter file either by exporting it or by using RMAN. If none of the previous methods are possible in your situation, perform these steps: Create a text initialization parameter file PFILE from the parameter value listings in the alert log. At this point, you can take one of the following actions: Shut down the instance, recover the server parameter file and described earlier in this section, and then restart the instance. See Also: Oracle Database Reference for a complete description of views.

Database Services A database service represents a single database. Database Service Data Dictionary Views You can query data dictionary views to find information about database services. About Database Services Database services divide workloads for a single database into mutually disjoint groupings.

Database Services and Performance Database services offer an extra dimension in performance tuning. Creating Database Services There are a few ways to create database services, depending on your database configuration. Note: This section describes creating services locally. Benefits include the following: Enables central management of global resources Provides global scalability, availability, and run-time load balancing Allows you to dynamically add databases to the GDS configuration and dynamically migrate global services Extends service management, load balancing, and failover capabilities for distributed environments of replicated databases that use features such as Oracle Active Data Guard, Oracle GoldenGate, and so on Provides high availability through seamless failover of global services across databases located both locally or globally Provides workload balancing both within and between data centers through services, connection load balancing, and runtime load balancing Allows efficient utilization of the resources of the GDS configuration to service client requests See Also: Oracle Database Global Data Services Concepts and Administration Guide Oracle Database Concepts.

Some Security Considerations Configure your database so that it is secure. Transparent Data Encryption Transparent Data Encryption is a feature that enables encryption of individual database columns before storing them in the data file, or enables encryption of entire tablespaces. A Secure External Password Store Consider using client-side Oracle wallets to reduce exposing authentication and signing credentials over networks.